June 30, 2019

Fun Ways to Teach Exponents to Beginners

Fun Ways to Teach Exponents to the Beginner 4th Grade Math 5th Grade Math

When I think of tricky math for my fourth Graders ... I think EXPONENTS!

Introducing exponents was a math concept that I was dreading because I had a feeling that my students would fall into the rookie pattern of multiplying the base with the exponent. Much to my delight, my Fourth Graders mastered exponents rather quickly when I slowed the lessons down and really took the time to explain the purpose of exponents.  Considering that the PEMDAS lesson ("Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally" or my personal favorite "Purple Elephants May Destroy A School") was in our next unit, I knew we had to invest in some extra practice before moving on.

Introducing vocabulary words like "base", "exponent", "expanded notation", "powers", and "standard notation" was an important start to this introduction.  This reference chart that I created helped the students to visually see that exponents are a way of expressing repeated multiplication. I posted this handy chart on our Math Anchor Wall as well as made a mini version to add to the students' math reference folder. I love visuals and can't get enough of them!  It was actually only recently that I realized that I am actually a visual learner.  I really need to see things in print or pictures to make a connection and commit new information to my long term memory - wish I knew that in middle school French when the entire class was oral and I struggled to write everything the teacher said phonetically as soon as the class was finished ;)

Free Exponents Practice Activities for Fourth Grade and Fifth Grade Math Introduction to exponents anchor chart

Lots of oral practice on our white boards helped my fourth graders master that exponents squared (to the 2nd power) does not mean times two but is rather a shortcut telling how many times the base number is being multiplied - in this case two times. I would start each day with a simple review and exponent practice only to scaffold and increase each problem's difficulty slowly.  

Moving onto exponent practice worksheets was tons of fun when the students practiced using color by number activities, tic tac toe games, flash card games, true and false activities and Exponent Number Puzzles.

Free Exponent Activities and Practice for the Beginner 4th grade math and 5th grade math

I love introducing math concepts to my students with lots of practice opportunities and then giving them the chance to independently explore through fun games, coloring activities and sorts.  I love to see them get excited to work in class but not realizing that they are still actually practicing and learning.  I have even taken the time to create differentiated practice pages with multiple choice answers like the one below. 
Exponent Activities and Practice for the Beginner 4th grade math and 5th grade math

Exponent Activities and Practice for the Beginner 4th grade math and 5th grade math

I also created several Exponent Practice Worksheets that are fun and engaging for my students that incorporate Halloween and Christmas.  I never miss an opportunity to have the kids practice more exponent activities during the holidays. They love coloring and learning at the same time!
Halloween Exponent Activities and Practice for fourth grade and fifth grade math

Thank you for taking your time to read about how I teach exponents to my fourth grade students. I hope these ideas help you plan some fun and engaging exponent activities in your classroom!

April 7, 2019

Long Division Tips and Tricks for Beginners

Fun way to teach long division tips and tricks for beginners fourth grade math

Long Division....let's start with the math basics.  Ironically, I struggled in math as an elementary school student.  It wasn't until I was a teacher that I actually understood some simple math mantras.
long division practice activities for beginning division 4th grade math

Count on Tricia's Math Mantras

Math Made Easy - Tip One
Numbers follow a pattern.

Math Made Easy - Tip Two
Multiplication is putting equal groups together.

Math Made Easy - Tip Three
Division is splitting apart equal groups.

Math Made Easy - Tip Four
Break numbers apart into smaller numbers and think friendly numbers. For example think MULTIPLES of 10 or 100.

Math Made Easy - Tip Five
Make a Ballpark Estimate before solving a math problem.

Math Made Easy - Tip Six
There are MANY ways to solve a math problem.  It is my job as a teacher to show students several different ways to solve a problem, but in the end, the students use which way works best for them because everyone thinks differently.

Believe it or not, many of my 4th grade students preferred using this division strategy.
This strategy is all about breaking numbers into smaller numbers and thinking friendly numbers (tip 4)
Here is an example using the number 520.  This is just one way to break 520 into smaller friendlier numbers.

long division for beginners partial quotients FREE activity for 4th grade math
To grab this Long Division Partial Quotients freebie, click here

I think the key to using this traditional Mom and Pop Strategy is to present it in a methodical and organized way.
1. Before beginning a problem, I have students generate the first 9 multiples of the divisor. When I was a kid, I spent a lot of time trying to figure out what multiples were close to the dividend.  Generating a list before hand and referencing it throughout the problem will move things quicker.
2. Draw lines between the place values of the dividend.  This will help students see each place value  and line up the numbers in the quotient correctly.
FREE Long division for beginners long division practice strategies for fourth grade math
Click here to grab this Long Division Practice freebie.  (same as above)
Long division doesn't have to be hard for beginners if numbers are broken into smaller numbers (partial quotients) or using the MOM and POP way in an organized planned way.

If you found these long division strategies helpful, check out one of my most popular resources.
long division practice activities for beginning division 4th grade math