April 7, 2019

Long Division Tips and Tricks for Beginners

Fun way to teach long division tips and tricks for beginners fourth grade math

Long Division....let's start with the math basics.  Ironically, I struggled in math as an elementary school student.  It wasn't until I was a teacher that I actually understood some simple math mantras.
long division practice activities for beginning division 4th grade math

Count on Tricia's Math Mantras

Math Made Easy - Tip One
Numbers follow a pattern.

Math Made Easy - Tip Two
Multiplication is putting equal groups together.

Math Made Easy - Tip Three
Division is splitting apart equal groups.

Math Made Easy - Tip Four
Break numbers apart into smaller numbers and think friendly numbers. For example think MULTIPLES of 10 or 100.

Math Made Easy - Tip Five
Make a Ballpark Estimate before solving a math problem.

Math Made Easy - Tip Six
There are MANY ways to solve a math problem.  It is my job as a teacher to show students several different ways to solve a problem, but in the end, the students use which way works best for them because everyone thinks differently.

Long Division PARTIAL QUOTIENT STRATEGY
Believe it or not, many of my 4th grade students preferred using this division strategy.
This strategy is all about breaking numbers into smaller numbers and thinking friendly numbers (tip 4)
Here is an example using the number 520.  This is just one way to break 520 into smaller friendlier numbers.


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long division for beginners partial quotients FREE activity for 4th grade math
To grab this Long Division Partial Quotients freebie, click here

Long Division TRADITIONAL STRATEGY
I think the key to using this traditional Mom and Pop Strategy is to present it in a methodical and organized way.
1. Before beginning a problem, I have students generate the first 9 multiples of the divisor. When I was a kid, I spent a lot of time trying to figure out what multiples were close to the dividend.  Generating a list before hand and referencing it throughout the problem will move things quicker.
2. Draw lines between the place values of the dividend.  This will help students see each place value  and line up the numbers in the quotient correctly.
FREE Long division for beginners long division practice strategies for fourth grade math
Click here to grab this Long Division Practice freebie.  (same as above)
Long division doesn't have to be hard for beginners if numbers are broken into smaller numbers (partial quotients) or using the MOM and POP way in an organized planned way.

If you found these long division strategies helpful, check out one of my most popular resources.
long division practice activities for beginning division 4th grade math